We're onto this fella—a dead leaf mantis photographed in Ecuador. From the right angle, it's easy to see how you could mistake it for, yes, a dead leaf.
2. Here Monkey, Monkey
A few years go, in the Amazonian forests of Brazil, researchers from WCS and UFAM (Federal University of Amazonas) observed a remarkable case of trickery by a wild cat, the margay (above). As a hunting strategy, the cat would imitate the calls of a pied tamarin to draw others of the species within striking distance.
3. A Bird that Cries Hawk
Birds are known to use their share of trickery, too. The blue jay may mimic the call of a hawk, perhaps as a warning to other blue jays that one is in the vicinity.
4. Beware the Dragon
To appear bigger and more threatening, the frilled dragon can puff itself up by opening its jaw and expanding the frill around its neck, as above.
5. Eye Candy
Many species have eye-like colorations on their wings, including this Magrove Buckeye butterfly photographed in Bolivia. The markings likely serve to scare away some predators.
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