Bay of Bengal
- Bay of Bengal Photo
The largest bay in the world, the Bay of Bengal forms the northern part of the Indian Ocean. Its borders include India to the west, Bangladesh to the north, and Myanmar to the east. Numerous rivers flow into the bay, which contains several important ports. The bay abounds with coral reefs, tropical dolphins, and sharks. Dugongs swim in the sea grass beds of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Endangered olive ridley sea turtles nest on the Indian beaches, and big game fish like marlins and tuna swim its waters. In the Sundarbans mangroves of Bangladesh, a huge population of rare Irrawaddy dolphins survives. A submarine canyon known as the Swatch-of-No-Ground in the adjacent coastal waters supports a variety of deep-water cetaceans.
The recent discovery of nearly 6,000 rare Irrawaddy dolphins in the mangroves of Bangladesh, on the edge of the Indian Ocean, highlights the importance of the country’s marine environment and the need for more research into the status of its threatened species.