Madidi-Tambopata, Bolivia

Jaguar Camera Trap Photo
An adult male jaguar investigates a camera trap placed on a beach in Madidi National Park, Bolivia. The Madidi-Tambopata landscape is home to one of the the highest densities of jaguars found in all of South America.
©Guido Ayala/WCS
Madidi-Tambopata, Bolivia Photo
Julie Larsen Maher ©WCS

Madidi, Pilon Lajas, and Apolobamba in the northwestern Bolivian Andes and the neighboring Tambopata and Bahuaja Sonene in Peru form a protected block of more than 15,000 square miles of tropical Andes, the most diverse region on Earth. The landscape ranges in elevation from Amazonian lowlands only 150 feet above sea level to snow-capped peaks at almost 20,000 feet in elevation. Ecosystems vary from moist tropical rainforests to grasslands to montane forests. Animal residents of this ecosystem include 1,100 bird species and 300 mammal species, among them jaguars and Andean bears. The landscape also boasts 12,000 types of plants as well as important archeological sites. Eight indigenous territories and local government jurisdictions provide additional connectivity for wide-ranging species and make the overall landscape a total of more than 42,000 square miles.

Fast Facts

  • Madidi-Tambopata is one of the largest protected area complexes in the world.
  • Madidi is one of the top tourist attractions in Bolivia.


Building of roads, hydroelectric projects, illegal logging, mining, agriculture, and hunting threaten the wild animals living in the region.

WCS Responds

WCS has been working in the Madidi-Tambopata landscape since the late 1990s. Our field conservationists recently discovered a new species of monkey there: the Madidi titi monkey. WCS has helped form more than 20 community-based enterprises in the area with more than 3,000 beneficiaries. These enterprises promote the sustainable use of natural resources such as native honey, subsistence hunting and fishing, ornamental fish, cacao, handicrafts, and timber.

From the Newsroom

Bolivia: Land of Giant Anteaters and Fairy ArmadillosJuly 23, 2013

A newly published WCS database shows the range of 116 species of Bolivian mammals, from the obscure “Count Branickii’s terrible mouse” to the mighty jaguar. The database will help shape future conservation decisions for some of South America’s most threatened and charismatic wildlife.

New Compendium Reflects Bolivia’s Incredible Biodiversity September 12, 2012

With help from WCS, the Bolivian Park Service released a new compendium documenting the abundant plant and wildlife found within Madidi National Park. The natural haven houses more than 200 mammal species, 11 percent of the world’s birds, and the vibrant parrot snake, photographed as it slithers through the trees.

365 New Species Discovered in Peruvian ParkFebruary 3, 2012

The giant leaf frog is one resident of Peru’s Bahuaja Sonene National Park, where 50 reptiles and amphibian species, along with hundreds of other undocumented birds, mammals, insects, and plants were recently found during an extensive survey.

Bolivia’s Jaguars Set a RecordOctober 19, 2011

In a recent study conducted in Bolivia’s Madidi National Park, WCS researchers have identified a record number of jaguars through a digital camera trap survey.

WCS-Bolivia Partner Receives Prestigious Equator PrizeSeptember 30, 2010

The Tsimané Mosetene Regional Council, WCS’s local partner in the montane rainforests of Bolivia, received the award at a ceremony held on September 20 in New York, honoring its efforts to reduce poverty through sustainable development and biodiversity conservation.


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